Up until recently I was coding emails without the aid of any tools or frameworks. I thought there had to be a better way? I looked for the answer which lead to the creation of MJML Multi Project which we will be using this today so let's get started.
In a new working directory clone the MJML Multi Project by running the following command:
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:garmeeh/mjml-multi-project.git
Next we want to initialise the project. We will do that by running the following commands:
Note:I will be using
yarn but if you prefer, you can use
cd mjml-multi-project/ yarn install
Lets remove the demo files and initialise a clean Git repository:
yarn clean-up git init
We now have a clean working directory to start building responsive emails so lets create one right now!
To keep it simple we will re-create the example one: A promotional email for Cuppas a fictional coffee shop.
We first need to a project/brand directory to house all it's emails. We have an easy command to scaffold new project directories:
yarn create-project "cuppas"
This command also added these directories:
common- partials such as headers and footers that can be re-used
COMPILED_TEMPLATES- compiled HTML emails
templates- MJML templates
If you have a look in
projects.config.js you will see
cuppas listed in the projects array. This is a left over from the example project. If creating a new project you will need to add it to this array.
Your First Email
This is the email we will be creating:
The email is built up of some reusable partials:
Along with the main email itself that brings these together.
common directory create the following files and paste the snippets:
<!-- file: defaults.mjml --> <mj-font name="Open Sans" href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Open+Sans:400,700" /> <mj-attributes> <mj-all font-family="Open Sans, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif" padding="0" /> </mj-attributes>
This includes a new font and sets the font for any email that includes this file. We also reset padding to zero on all MJML elements.
<!-- file: footer.mjml --> <mj-section background-color="#ffffff" padding="30px 0 42px 0" full-width="full-width" > <mj-column> <mj-image src="https://prismic-io.s3.amazonaws.com/gary-blog%2F4b23880b-4f7f-40af-9e70-8476486052c7_cuppas.jpg" alt padding="0 0 12px 0" width="110px" align="center" /> <mj-table align="center" width="initial" padding="12px 0 0 0"> <tr> <td> <table width="100%"> <tr valign="middle" style="font-size: 12px;"> <td> <a href="https://www.garymeehan.ie/" style="padding-right: 16px; color: #333333;" >Update Preferences</a > </td> <td> <a href="https://www.garymeehan.ie/" style="padding-left: 16px; border-left: 1px solid #d8d8d8; color: #333333;" >Past Issues</a > </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </mj-table> <mj-text align="center" font-size="12px" color="#777777" padding="10px 10px 5px 10px" line-height="26px" > Best Coffee in the South East! </mj-text> </mj-column> </mj-section>
Nothing special happening here, it contains this brands footer. We can code this once and include it in our future emails. This will save on coding and the need for testing. If we have any future design updates we will only need to update one footer!
<!-- file: header.mjml --> <mj-section background-color="#ffffff" padding="30px" full-width="full-width"> <mj-group> <mj-column> <mj-image src="https://prismic-io.s3.amazonaws.com/gary-blog%2F4b23880b-4f7f-40af-9e70-8476486052c7_cuppas.jpg" width="120px" alt align="left" /> </mj-column> <mj-column vertical-align="bottom"> <mj-text font-size="12px" line-height="22px" color="#999999" align="right" padding="0 0 4px 0" > Fresh Coffee </mj-text> </mj-column> </mj-group> </mj-section>
Same idea here as in the footer.
Next up is the email itself which will use these reusable includes. Lets create another file:
hello-world.mjml in the
templates directory and add the following:
<!-- file: hello-world.mjml --> <mjml> <mj-head> <mj-title>Hello World</mj-title> <mj-include path="../common/defaults.mjml" /> </mj-head> <mj-body> <mj-include path="../common/header.mjml" /> <mj-wrapper padding="0" background-color="#f1f1f1" full-width="full-width"> <mj-section padding="30px"> <mj-column> <mj-image src="https://prismic-io.s3.amazonaws.com/gary-blog%2F0082b1c5-16ce-46f4-af5b-bb098f8722e0_fresh-coffee.jpg" alt="Picture of a cup of coffee" /> <mj-text align="center" padding-top="20px"> <h1 style="color: #581845">50% Off All Coffees</h1> <p style="color: #581845; font-size: 18px; line-height: 28px;"> Pop into Cuppas this week and simply let us know you seen our email and you will save 50%! </p> </mj-text> </mj-column> </mj-section> </mj-wrapper> <mj-include path="../common/footer.mjml" /> </mj-body> </mjml>
As you can see here we are including the Header and the Footer along with the Defaults. We define the title of the email using
<mj-title></mj-title>. The rest is MJML markup building out the email itself. I'm not going to go detail on the MJML markup in this post as MJML has excellent documentation.
Compile and Send
How are we doing for time? I think we are doing OK!
We now have an MJML template but we need it to be HTML. Lets take all the parts you have put together above and generate a HTML email now. All you need to do is run:
Now if you check in the
COMPILED_TEMPLATES directory you will see
hello-world.html. Open this to have a look at the result.
At this point your HTML email ready to send. You can take this and upload to somewhere like Mailchimp as a template. But for now we will use PutsMail to send a quick test email to ourselves.
Head on over to PutsMail and do the following:
- Add the email you want to send your email to
- Enter a subject line
- Paste the HTML code (from hello-world.html)
- Leave "Move my CSS inline when I click Send Email" unticked!
- Click Send Email.
You should get an email asking you to confirm you opted for this and as soon as you accept, you should get your email!
So there you have it. You now have a workflow/platform to start working on all of your responsive emails. What I love about this set up is that you can have multiple clients or brands all running from the same project. A huge shout out to everyone who worked on MJML as it's an amazing framework.
For a more in depth look at what lead to MJML Multi Project make sure to check out my previous post, Emails. Yes Emails.